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Aquaculture in Zambia



these common to most over the jungle agriculture is dominated by crops maize in particular as a country we spend more than half of our agriculture sector Fanjul promotes in males yet we are aware that poverty remains unusually high around 70% one under-appreciated cut is that about some of the percent of smallholder farmers have access to lasted two hectares of land assuming that maize you'd go up by 100 percent from the current 2.5 metric temps to about five matrix hands in a year that farmer was there to turn over of about 7,500 Parcher in a year now compare that to a sector that is yet received much spotlight the fisheries if a farmer has a collage a fish pond with a recommended 2530 meters by the Fisheries Department the Fisheries Department in a Ministry of Fisheries and livestock estimate that with the proper input and management that farmer will get a turnover of about 50,000 to 60,000 Crusher from a pond in one cycle that cycle is about five to six months which means that farmer can double their turn over within a year now 20 by 30 meters is only about 6% of a hectare so in essence a land constraint farmer will find that big in the fishery sector the aquaculture to be specific is a better option of grazing oneself out of poverty this film is about an engine that could change the lives of many dungeons in rural areas samia's fishery sector in part one of this documentary will focus on the capture fisheries natural stocks have been declining over the years it was established that with increased domestic fish demand and pressure on the natural fisheries improved fish production and supply in the country can only come from aquaculture the focus of this documentary the number or the amount of fish that an average fish is catching has reduced over there because there are more fishes now catching we have to look at the population growth and also the migration of people to areas of the fisheries areas so you see that there isn't so much potential in the couch in the capture sector but in the aquaculture side and sub sector as opposed to capture fisheries which involve the harvesting of naturally occurring fish resources in the naturally occurring water bodies such as lakes and rivers aquaculture is the cultivation propagation or farming of fish through either the Caged system on water bodies or the pond culture with nearly a quarter or the available fish in the country being imported president Edgar Lugo expressed concern after touring polivanov fisheries and aquaculture private company in Chong Wei on Crete August 2015 President lugu called for a stop to the growing trend of important fish and said this must be reversed as many Zambians are capable of producing sufficient stocks for home consumption and export this is a clear indication of the fact that the aquaculture fisheries is receiving attention from the highest office Zambia is endowed with 12 million hectares of water which has remained under exploited despite providing a huge resource for extensive aquaculture fisheries aqua culture is also one of the alternatives to ensure that we should be able to give space for the fishes in the nature water bodies and up to now it's very strange when we go out there to explain to our people finally tell you what I'm talking about fish farming no how can you farm fish so it's a new concept but people have to get to understand this and I think that the story people have been able to appreciate even the fishing ban for example those that are participating in a poor fishing they've got no ban on their fish so they can have at anytime they want in the you can imagine with the demand prices go up it's very good source of income and the resources the aquaculture fisheries has a potential to contribute much more to Zambians economic development however as a sub sector of the agricultural sector the agriculture fisheries contributes less than 1 percent to the country's national gross domestic product while the contribution of the aquaculture sub sector is a small percentage fisheries are crucial to zombies rural economy as a source of income and proteins production is mainly the key because in some areas they don't have fish availability from the capture sector but aquaculture fish ponds can be constructed and pharmacy instead produce in their own fish and at the end of the day we expect an improvement even in the their cash their incomes as well as their nutrition status the luckiest fishes is one of the main fish species which has been cultured by the cage and the point fish farmers why is that so okay from time immemorial when fish farming started in Zambia tilapias we're the ones that were widely promoted and widely accepted so it's from that back on that tilapia is widely accepted as opposed to the other species but we have other species that we are culturing here that are potential touch of a species for five shamans to take up on board so I would mention that we have little appears like you've mentioned which are obvious species we have the electron is under sunlight with the three spotted beams out of your brain and we have now tilapia but that one is specifically for such purposes the other species that we have fish the Caged system has been rapidly expanding since 2004 it's upscaling has been witnessed in Lex Mereau bangweulu complex Kariba and Tanganyika we are very keen cage fishing on our so that even those who are deficient can you learn from those who are involved in cage fishing so that may be true that you can you also reduce the pressure on the lake while fish diseases theft and pollution are well-known challenges the cages have great advantage in that they have a relatively lower investment cost as they use the already existing water body compared to the pond culture the pond culture has been the main fish farming system in the country food fisheries has been around for 130 years but we currently have 133 puns which make up 93 hectares of pond area last year we produced one thousand two hundred and seventy tons of fish we have to get higher than that this year alongside the commercial fish farmers the number of small water fish farmers participated in aquaculture fisheries has been increasing over the years Beatrice Catan go is a small-scale fish farmer practicing cage fish farming on the carry basis 2014 ek Ginga my money freely Appa nearly 3 by 3 meters cage so depth yes one more 84 meters battery you Freda Yabba Yabba mommy she my party 5 metres II know be a bamboo neva Savannah strings my we send a flavour in air quality become a tumor to become a plastics aroma plastics queen of arabic amumu Ella they don't worry about quite a Goomba Cueva chill Vidya is stability from a Korea s Amazon Anand was tres – Ravi cartilage staff st cova Tati acclimatize Parvati I mean she Tian de La Nina area Korean aya or tourism kuvakin Prabhavati fishy fish this should be renessa miss Akane – not clingy remove Saddam will see shipment Queen and a kookn kap antutu extra fee 50 psycho whena my little taco to refit would be my 25 not imagine to man 50 kgs small fish farmers like Beatrice can play a role in contributing to improved fish production in the country really only small farmers can produce fish at the after-acquired price for the majority of Zambians so I think the the the way to reducing the fish the fish deficit would be would be three small farmers as a country who've spent a considerable amount of time and resources promoting Maine's in in Zambia the smallholders sector in Zambia has been largely a maze driven sector because that is what we ask them to to to grow that is what we ask them to focus on the result has not been pleasing we still have close to 70% of the rural sector in Zambia living in poverty it's it's terrible it's it's something that should not happen this one underappreciated fact as to why maize cannot lift the smallholder farmer out of poverty most of them over 70% have access to only 2 hectares or less land a sector that is often ignored is officially sector aquaculture the recommended 20 by 30 meter pond can yield a farmer or a fish farmer in one cycle which is five to six months up to 50 or 60,000 kwacha in a cycle so in one cycle the correct size 20 by 30 minimum the correct inputs the correct management a farmer can get 50 to 60 thousand in a cycle meaning in a year they could be getting 50 times 2 or 60 times 2 up to 120,000 in turnover compared to 7,500 kwacha if even in the best year with the best practices that's what they'll get from maize so what this means is that if we're going to get our farmers out of poverty most of them who are land constrained there's a higher chance that they'll get out of that poverty if they're in another sector such as fisheries aquaculture to be to be exact so emphasis should be on agriculture diversification to help these farmers find opportunities that can get them out of this poverty trap which I attributed quite a variety that will directly come in our parish this minivan to move who somebody was to my son and a chocolate waffle WAFF me Makia uncommon when and aqua fumio morph in America Monica – Paula Paula Utica Fumiya I'm at an z3 3000 kgs which is the three tonnes Miss Universe on inquiry of coffee per table quality in CDF in a window McCoy aquitine angulimala mommy in India and in the pileup – ah quite an angle 59 which opera 50,000 given the climatic conditions and water resources there is potential for the country to produce and export more fish from the aquaculture sector however while in its infancy the sub sector has been faced with a number of challenges we are still have problems of row productivity as I mentioned I think a 3.4 times per hectare and land-based aquaculture which are pawns and despite to low so we need to do more research and find ways on how we can how we can mean you know you know increase productivity once you increase productivity we're going to reduce the cost and then we're going to have enough work in office for or for consumption and for export the unfair competition which is created by chip forests and imports they are coming in under priced and if they are coming in let's say from the region they are not paying any the duties let's say within the common source at a protocol we are labeled local council tax whereas the imports coming in duty-free um I don't think we are advocating for a ban on any imports no not at all must enhance the incentives to the agriculture sector so that we are able to produce good quality local product which will compete with any imports which will enable us to compete as we grow our exports fish imports first of all emissivity as government really would really love to get to a point where we should do stop these fish in post but with the deficits that we have I don't know really whether we're going to be responsible to really bad on this fish and I know that there are certain fishes which we are not allowing for inputs and certain officials we are allowing and all I can say is that first things first I think it's for us to really be able to capacitate ourselves by way of getting to produce enough fish to manage to reach out to our people when we've deficits and we should be talking of exports before that we cannot even talk about it I also know that it has been a complaint by people bringing in fish even in this country who are not evenly bringing revenue to our country and I can tell you whoever's watching us on this program they must know that we we are aware of what is happening and diversion they must not get themselves to they must get themselves to blame when me the law shall visit them with regard to levels I know that this is a phony issue and it's in ministry as a Ministry of course our desire would be no levy should be put on our fishermen is where they're going this sector maybe I think it's worth noting that tea after this we should be able to get to round table and be able to discuss with our counterparts maybe from Adam from the ministries responsible and see how we can be able to wave this if release and impeachment on the productivity over the fish sector so what you see right now where the site reform is one of the sites for yellow fish a little in order for Zambian fish farmers to meet this large deficit however we're going to need a much larger increase in the available availability of fish feed and towards that India Laila was working on the organization of a world-class fish feed mill to be based here in Zambia which ensures that there's adequate supply of top-quality reasonably priced fish feed to drive the growth of the industry just right now we are at the premises of a llo and this is one of the biggest hatchery here in just mr. swagger swagger here would take us through what really happens here what do we have right now we have three types of what you see behind you are the holy ponds in which we keep males and females we then take males and females which are ready for reproduction and put them in the smaller and that you can see over here kahlúa fisheries has also set up state-of-the-art fish incubators to grow their fish seeds and fingerlings we have brood stock which we imported from from namsan farms in Thailand and from the Department of Fisheries in conjunction with Zambian national service China farm we have broodstock in tanks and toppers we collect eggs from them we place the eggs and our incubators for between two and five days once they've hatched they go into a Raceway where they hormone treated for 14 days after that they're put into fingerling tanks and fit intensively for four weeks to reach what we call stocking size which is about one and a half to two grams and then from there they stocked into the ponds at between seven and eight fish per meter squared as for smallholder fish farmers they are limited in mitigating some of these challenges EKG diarrhea pea tre paia um Raymond AMA Blanco site de Pury on gamma Manama Prokofiev ad hominem Londo occupy Boca qualm whele dois East Asia where bhakti-yoga recommends phantomile California dementia a major offense Astana she is one hell of a punch passionate I cut a fine ship Aria if you feel punished by f ing mad affirmative operand ot Calipari nanofy Swango CN Delta in winner you know now nama Tigers putea they are a problem assume booyah apart from the processed fish feed there are alternatives available for smallholder fish farmers it is expensive for the farmers the formula to defeat that is is quite expensive and nutrition is one aspect that pushes up the cost of being fish honey so as a station we are looking at ways with we can empower fish farmers to make their own feet loo using locally available materials yeah so in front of me I have examples of those raw materials that people can use when found at the farm for example this rice there's also swell beans which is a source of protein a source of carbohydrate at all so this also goes to show you that you can take advantage of where you are under the formulates your feet the most critical aspect is a crude protein level the smaller the fish is the higher the protein level I don't need and the pelleting is very simple you can just use the meansa this is something that you used to make your mincemeat some vegetable use electrofield other challenges in fish farming relates to policy and regulations the Ministry of Fisheries as defined was basically looking after culture fisheries so now that it has been stated that we are going into our culture how do we initiate or implement a culture revolution I think first and foremost there has to be a institutional transformation even the personnel who are in the Ministry of Fisheries they are training has basically been oriented towards fisheries so there has to be a paradigm shift there has to be a mindset there has to be new skills training especially in terms of the extinction officers because aquaculture is probably more demanding aquaculture basically startup capital for a lot of farmers they need capital to start with availability of fingerlings I mean that is the seed and sometimes it's not easily found there isn't so much production of fingerlings in the country and for some people it's just the acquiring of land where to start building a fish pond and all that so all those challenges really tend to limit their the investment in the aquaculture for some people is the the regulation processes they have to apply to do an environmental assessment and things like that so it's not so easy but I think now the fish sector has got of a lot of attention of the highest policymakers so I think most of those things are now been looked into and eventually we will see a situation where many small and medium farmers are going into aquaculture production production to meet the ever-increasing demand this is a five million a fish fund and that is going to help to develop the sector and empower people be able to lend this and that not only that we're also trying to lobby from cooperating partners if we can be able to get further funding on how we can be able to really create capacity and the teacher of people to also look at the fish as another sector or part of farming also through a program or by the Evoque sure that we see the Ministry of Agriculture is introduced we want to get our fish our farmers day to also look at to fish as one of the 50 fishing game sectors or a sector where they can also be able to get funding through the support and from input support that program will continue to increase offer it a great opportunity for investment in aquaculture fisheries particularly for land constraints small holder farmers Nicosia abinanti Ava Ava Ava calico Samana Cueva de amor en tu amor URI kusuma sana walkway party worker Alamo beautifully shaco i'm alois increase participation and production from aquaculture but especially small and medium scale sector in suitable areas would be more beneficial as this would significantly contribute to reducing the high rural poverty levels based on research conducted by the in dubba Agricultural Policy Research Institute I appreciate a tiss management and challenges or the fisheries industry in Zambia the Institute recommends among other things the urgent need to formulate the fisheries sector policy that will guide the development of the aquaculture and Fisheries increased number of extension officers increased funding to research and development promote private sector investment in feed and fingerling production increase investment in infrastructure in fishing areas to address marketing challenges and the promotion of aquaculture packs in most potential zones

4 Comments

  1. Mbeha Jeff

    Hi Colleagues, I am very impressed by what I see you guys in Zambia are doing, where is this plant in Zambia, can you allow me to pay a visit and learn a thing or two? I am in Namibia….

    Reply

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