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welcome back to timeless black
excellence this is your host Abdias Dalisme in this segment we’re going
to cover part two of black inventors you’ve probably never heard of now while
I’m going through this list once again I’d like you to think or imagine the
world and how different it would be without these inventions or these
inventors check it out guys here it is 1873 in Ohio Charles Patterson became
the first african-american owner of an automobile manufacturer Patterson went
into partnership with JP Lowe and in 1893 Patterson bought out JP Lowe share
of the business and reorganized it as C R Patterson’s &
sons company. The company built 28 types of horse-drawn vehicles and employed
approximately 10 to 15 individuals and in 1910 he left the carriage business to
his son Frederick who turned the company from a carriage business into an
automobile manufacturer he was a college educated man and was the first black
athlete to play for Ohio State University he was also an early member
and vice president of the National Negro Business League founded by Booker T
Washington the first Patterson greenfield car debuted in 1950 with a
four-cylinder engine the car was comparable to the Ford Model T the
Patterson green field car may have in fact been more sophisticated than the
Fords car the company soon switched to production of trucks buses and other
utility vehicles around 1920 the company reorganized as the green field bus
body company. We were manufacturing cars? I’m like why didn’t we know that? And why
aren’t we still manufacturing cars? We need it on this? In 1932 Richard B.
spikes received a patent for an automatic gearshift for cars he also
invented Automobile directional signals and is credited with creating
the automatic safety brake in 1962 also did I forget to mention that he invented
the beer keg tap which Milwaukee Brewing Company bought from him and made him a
very rich man. haha Think about that the next time you go to your next kegger. On behalf of Mr. Spikes “you’re welcome” In 1977 Dr. Patricia Bath and three
other colleagues founded the American Institute for the Prevention of
blindness she was also the first woman ophthalmologist to be appointed to the
Faculty of the UCLA School of Medicine Jule Styne eye Institute. In 1981 she
discovered and invented a new technique for cataract surgery known as laser fico
harnessing laser technology the device created a less painful and more precise
treatment of cataracts the laser FICO probe uses a system of lasers suction
and irrigation to remove the affected lens and replace it with an artificial
lens that won’t deteriorate over time this combination of technology provides
a non-invasive as well as an almost permanent solution for cataracts. You can think a
black woman for laser eye surgery, Incredible! Although Daniel H Williams
did invent the open heart surgery procedure
he was the first surgeon to do it successfully. He also opened Provident
Hospital the first hospital with an interracial staff in 1893 and in 1894 he
was appointed chief of surgery of Freedmen’s Hospital in Washington DC
Lonnie Johnson began working as an engineer for NASA’s Jet Propulsion
Laboratory in 1979 during his time at NASA Johnson worked on the Galileo
mission to Jupiter the Mars Observer project and the Cassini mission to
Saturn he earned multiple awards from NASA for
his spacecraft control systems but Johnson is possibly best known for his
invention of the super soaker water gun the inspiration hit him while he was
working on an eco-friendly heat pump I quote, “I accidentally shot a shield of
water across a bathroom where I was doing the experiment and thought to
myself this would make a great gun” Johnson said, The super-soakers success
allowed him to work for himself and fund his own research in green technology
Johnson also holds over more than a hundred patents. The inventor of the
super soaker worked for NASA. Mark E. Dean, is an American inventor and
computer engineer he was part of the team that developed the ISA bus the
computer monitor with color and he led a design team for the making of the one-gigahertz computer processor chip. He holds three of nine PC patents for being
the co-creator of the IBM personal computer that was released back in 1981
Dr. Charles Drew invented the blood bank in 1940 he also invented blood plasma
bags in 1945 he became one of the most important scientists in the 20th century
his developments in the use of preservation of blood plasma during
World War two not only saved thousands of lives
but innovated the nation’s blood banking process and standardized procedures from
long term blood preservation and storage techniques adopted by the American Red
Cross Otis Boykin invented a control unit for
the pacemaker which is a device implanted in the body helps the heart beat
normally in 1914 Garrett Morgan invented a
breathing device that became the prototype and predecessor for the gas
mask used during World War one protecting soldiers from toxic gas used
in warfare. The intervention earned him the first prize at the second International
Exposition of safety and sanitation in New York City Garrett Morgan also
patented his version of the traffic signal it was the signal that eventually
attracted the attention of General Electric which bought the rights from
Morgan for $40,000 back in 1923 Granville T Woods better known as “Black
Edison” registered nearly 60 patents in his lifetime including a telephones
transmitter, the multiplex telegraph, and a groove metal wheel that allows
street cars to collect electronic power from overhead wires later known as
trolley cars. Woods most important invention was the multiplex Telegraph
four block system in 1887 Woods actually defeated Thomas Edison’s lawsuit that
challenged his patent and turned down Edison’s offer to make him a partner. For
those who didn’t catch that, Woods was the actual inventor of the
Telegraph, Thomas Edison tried to sue him and then Edison lost the lawsuit. In 1960
James West teamed up with fellow scientists Gerard N Slesser and
developed an inexpensive highly sensitive compact microphone in 1962
they finished development on the product which relied on their invention for
electric transducers by 1968 the electronic microphone was in mass
production West and Sesslers invention became the industry standard and today
90% of all contemporary microphones including the ones found in telephones
tape recorders camcorders baby monitors and hearing aids use their technology. On
November 11 1969 Dr. George Carruthers received a
patent for his invention the image converter for detecting electromagnetic
radiation especially in short wavelengths. He also developed the first
moon based space observatory and ultraviolet camera that was carried to
the moon by Apollo 16 astronauts in 1972 the camera used in the Apollo 16 mission
produced about 200 photos revealing new features of Earth’s far outer atmosphere
as well as deep space objects from the perspectives of the lunar surface. Thanks
guys for tuning in to this segment of timeless black excellence. I just want to
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