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Effect of agriculture industry on climate change | Sustainable Agriculture | Mr. Subhash Palekar


Welcome to this very important dialogue with Krishi-Rishi Subhash Palekar on sustainable agriculture Tell me something about issue which is coming to very important as a climate change which is again was discussed. The climate change, and the whole things, there are dangerous consequences of climate change and people thing that we are irreversible, unless we do something really significant on all fronts but agriculture also contributes to this global warming or climate change how does zero budget farming really help? United nations organisations has form one interested committee that is IPCC Inter governmental panel on climate change and they have studied well what are the impact of the global worming climate change on human life an agriculture sector also, and environmental also. Every three month they are publishing report and they said that there is a great impact of the global worming climate change on agriculture crop, production, human health and environment and for that purpose they have given some evidences also. What are the scientific evidence we can say in my technology there are four green house gases are responsible for global warming and a climate change that is carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, chloro fluoro carbons now new generation of HCFC that is hydro chloro fluoro carbon, HCFC and CFC are the gift of the western style glorious lifestyle when you use A/C cars and A/C in the home and fridges and all these perfumes you are responsible for CFC gas but initial three carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide are emitted maximally by two sectors one agriculture sector and second one industry sector, In chemical farming maximum green house gases are emitted and organic farmers maximum green house gases emitted. I will give example when you give chemical fertilizers to the soil the chemical fertilizers residues are coming in the crops and when chemically grown crops are fed to the animals the decomposition of the excreta that mean dung and urine also emit maximum quantity of the nitrous oxide and methane and carbon dioxide. when human being are eating chemically grown food material by means of the decomposition of excrete of human, and urine and again the green house gases are emitted in large quantity what the suggestions are given by agriculture to burn the biomass crop residue should be burn. and you will go to India & throughout the world you have seen that in the harvesting period of paddy, wheat and sugarcane, the huge smoke is emitted in the atmosphere because all the residue are burned and while burning this smoke means green house gases carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, even when you give the water Japanese method of paddy cultivation when water is dumped in the soil and the residues of the previous crop are spoiled in the water and methane is emitted in large quantity and methane is going in atmosphere. In sugar cane also when you are giving maximum water again methane is emitted even this jersey holstein a foreign cow breed also emitting maximum methane by the respiratory system that means agriculture sector is the main responsible factor number one input industries of the chemical farming and organic farming also emitting maximum green house gases by means of smoke and to build up the infrastructure of the agriculture universities and infrastructure of the chemical and organic farming they want building material and this building material input industry also emitting maximum quantity of the green house gases, that means there is chain that means agriculture sector is mainly responsible for green house gases emission and industry sector what commodity we are utilizing in human being are utilizing as a daily needs so many things we can stop utilization because it is not necessary at all When if you will stop unnecessary utilization of the unnecessary commodities what is happened the industry will be stop and when industry will be close ultimately green house gases emission will be stop. in my zero budget farming when in organic farming even when you spread out cow dung manure FYM & Vermicompost all these manure are having 46% carbon and when you spread out then when the temperature is going on above 36 degree centigrade and in India 48 degree centigrade in sowing period & carbon is release combine with the oxygen in the atmosphere and by means of oxidation of carbon, carbon dioxide release & is go in the atmosphere, these are the green house gases huge quantity they are emitting they absorb the heat from the sunlight & ongoing heat and temperature increase and you know what are the impact In zero budget farming nothing to be purchased from the market no single gram of FYM, no single gram of the cow dung manure, no single gram of the Vermicompost even we’re not utilizing any chemical fertilizer we are not burning the biomass that means we’re totally stopped the emission of green house gases & if government of India has given the commitment in Copenhagen summit that government of India will reduce 23% carbon emission how? They have to stop chemical farming, they have to stop organic farming. and only remedy to continue zero budget natural farming.

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