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How To Prune And Irrigate The Orchard In The Fall

>>Welcome back. At this time of the year,
in the fall, there are a lot of thing we could be
doing in the garden. In the northern part of the
state, we’ve already had frost. The leaves are off the trees. In the south the trees
still have leaves, and we get a range in between. But there are things
we can do in our garden when the leaves are on the tree and when the leaves
are off the tree. Ron Jobe who’s a master
gardener in Albuquerque is going to show us some of the
things he does in his orchard at this time of the year. Ron, I see you’ve got a
little bit of cleaning up you want to do here.>>Hi, Curtis. Welcome. Yeah. This is a good time
of the year to look at your trees while the
leaves are still on. The dead ones are
readily recognizable. When the leaves drop,
sometimes you miss one or two once in a while.>>And even in the north you
can still tell the difference. I can see this one, and it died
back right to here and about where you want to
make your final cut when you cut this branch off.>>Right.>>But you’re also curious
about what happened. Now is a good time
to try and figure out what’s going on in the tree.>>Correct.>>As we look at this,
there could be some diseases that did this and probably
some diseases involved. But the real ultimate source
is your cattle chewing on the bark of the tree here.>>Yeah. This is a tough go. To try to pasture an orchard
is a pretty touchy situation.>>Yeah. And so they’ve
damaged this. And you can see the
damage running up here, the cracked bark. So you’ve got a lot
of dead bark in here, and that’s gone up into here. And this is what is
providing nutrients and water to that branch, so
essentially it died of thirst and starvation. And so we might as
well remove it. And so you’re going
to be cutting — first you’ve got to clear
stuff out of your way.>>Yeah. I’m going to
clear this off right here. And then I’m going
to make an undercut, and then I’m going
to cut off here. And then I’m going
to make my final cut on the collar right here,
right where this dead spot, the bark’s dried
up right to there. And this looks like
live tissue over here.>>Right. And a lot of times a
dead branch is a real good way to find out where
a branch collar is. So that’s useful in this case. Let’s watch you do it. [ Chainsaw noise ]>>I think I better
get my safety equipment on first, Curtis. I need my glasses.>>We do want you safe, and we
want to show people how to do it in the safest way possible. Turn it off, set it down,
and get safety’d up. And here we go. [ Chainsaw noise ] now I’m going to
make my final cut. [ Chainsaw noise ]>>Well Ron, thank you. This is something we can
be doing this time of year, getting out here, cleaning
up, getting things ready. And, as I understand, you’ve
got a few other things you do. One, we’ll show this in
a little while but how to clean the tools
after you’re through.>>Yeah. After you leave one
tree and go to the next tree, that’s when you need to
sterilize your instruments.>>We don’t want to carry
disease from one to the next.>>Right because the blight
specially is real easy to spread. Am I correct?>>Blight can be
spread in this manner, so we want to be careful. There’s another thing you
do in your orchard this time of the year, too, with
the cold weather coming. It’s going to get really cold. The ground’s going to freeze. We want to charge
that soil with water. So you said you’re going
to show us how you irrigate your orchard.>>Right. Curtis, I have
sandy soil here, so I irrigate about once a week in the summer. Especially if it’s
real hot winds, we have the winds and so on. But to get your trees
prepared for the fall, they definitely need
the moisture. And then, during the
winter, you don’t want to forget about them, either. I don’t get water
out of my ditch, but I try to get some moisture
to them at least once a month.>>What we want to do right now
is go show how using a ditch you irrigate your orchard.>>Okay. [ Pause ]>>Ron, I see you’ve got
a concrete ditch here, so you’ve got efficiency. You’re not losing water in the
soil when you don’t want to.>>Right. Yeah. The wheat problem is
nil and no washouts. It’s really a benefit to –>>And there’s your gate. Now we’ve got water.>>Now we’ve got water.>>Here it is. I can see it coming
out right over here. Okay. So now it’s getting
out, irrigating your orchard. Water spreading out. Flood irrigation is
a good way to do it. Let it soak in the
soil, moisten the soil about 3 feet deep or so. We want to charge the
soil with water now.>>That’s right, to get
it ready for the winter. This is the young trees
need it, especially more so than the larger trees. But the larger trees
need it also. But it’s definitely a thing
to do for your young plants to get them hardened off and
ready to go into the winter.>>Right now they’ve
still got leaves on them, but they’re very soon going
to be dropping their leaves. In some parts of the state
they may already have. But the ground’s not frozen, so the ground can
still absorb water. And so this is the time
to be putting that water in the ground so
the trees have it. When the ground gets frozen,
there’s still water there. As they’re going into winter,
they need to be getting ready for winter, and they need
that moisture to do it. Plants don’t stop
during the winter. They’re still actually alive. They’re still growing. They need a bit of water. So this is important
for the winter.>>Actually, I think the roots
on a deciduous tree grow more in the winter than
they do in the summer.>>They do indeed. And so, Ron, thank you
for showing us what you do in your orchard this
time of the year to get everything
ready for winter.>>Thank you for coming down. [ Music ]

One Comment

  1. Teorispa Author

    You can't tell when an Orange tree is ready to be pruned when it's out of leaves, so it's easy to spot a dry branch any time of the year and it's safe to cut it off.


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