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LOW-COST SCHOOLS, revolutionising education in AFRICA? – VisualPolitik EN


Africa is a continent of challenges, great
challenges. We’re talking about a continent that has
begun a process of modernization, but there’s still a lot to do: Develop a true health network; boost industry,
mechanize agriculture and, of course, respond to the enormous challenge of improving education. If we look at results from recent decades
and identify the countries that have taken the greatest economic leaps, we can see that
the common denominator has been an effort to implement high-quality education systems. In countries such as Japan, South Korea or
Singapore, the commitment to have first-rate education systems really facilitated their
economic transition. Within a few years, all of these countries
went from poor, rudimentary economies to becoming high value-added economic powers. That’s exactly what is happening now in
China. Of course, China’s success is due to many
factors, but throughout this entire process of economic takeoff, education played an important
role. And not only for economic reasons, but also
social, cultural and political ones. And now it’s Africa’s turn. Listen up. (SCHOOLS THAT AREN’T SCHOOLS) Obviously, getting Sub-Saharan Africa to the
education level of developed countries will be a mammoth task that will take decades. And just as a house is constructed from the
foundations up, all kinds of public and private organizations have invested billions of dollars
in reducing illiteracy and improving schooling throughout sub-Saharan Africa for more than
three decades. However… the challenge is sooo enormous…
that there’s still a lot to do. For example, the lack of access to education
in Africa is one of its biggest problems. Despite all the efforts made, more than 20%
of children aged between 6 and 11 still don’t go to school, and if we talk about children
aged between 12 and 14, the figure rises above 30%. The usual reason given for this situation
is the need in the poorest regions for children to work in the fields from a young age and
the difficulty in meeting the costs of education. Because you see, even though the free public
education model has been adopted widely throughout the African continent, parents still have
to pay expenses such as uniforms, shoes, books or transportation. And, of course, in such a poor region this
is often quite complicated. But if you think that the lack of access or
not being able to pay for expenses are the only problems hindering education in Africa,
you’re very, very wrong. The other great, and perhaps most significant,
challenge facing education systems in Africa has to do with very poor teaching quality
and with the wasteful and uncontrolled use of public funds. And many of you may be thinking, Simon, surely
you didn’t expect Africa to have Ivy-league class colleges after just a few years… But wait, because when we talk about “poor
quality teachers” we mean the standard is really low… In many African countries, such as in Sierra
Leone, it’s common to find fake teachers. These are teachers who receive a salary from
the government but who neither teach nor work. Since 2009 in Sierra Leone alone, more than
6,000 fake teachers have been detected and eliminated from the state payroll. Although, to be fair, this doesn’t only
happen in Africa. It’s a frequent problem in other poor countries
too. In Pakistan, for example, there were more
than 8,000 schools that received funds from the state but didn’t really exist. They were ghost schools. Where did that money go? Better not to ask. But that’s not all. Even when teachers do show up… Well let’s just say that in Africa, not going
to school, skipping classes, often has more to do with the teachers than the students. Check this out. Yes, in sub-Saharan Africa it’s common for
teachers to not show up regularly at school. Some studies show that in countries such as
Kenya or Nigeria this absenteeism affects 15% of the entire workforce. But if this already sounds crazy, listen up. In Kenya this percentage increases to almost
50% if we include teachers who go to school but who don’t actually go into the classroom
to teach. And then there’s the fact that it isn’t
uncommon for many teachers who do teach to, well… have difficulties reading or to not
really have a mastery of basic mathematics, even if they’re mathematics teachers. Basically… it’s a full-fledged disaster. And, no, opening more schools ISN’T enough. That won’t solve the problem. More things are needed. But wait just a second, because not all the
news is bad. In addition to public schools and the schools
that NGOs have opened with cooperation aid, there is another alternative that has recently
gained a strong following in the region: Private low-cost education. Yes, yes, you heard that right. Private and low-cost education in the same
sentence. Even though in many parts of the world private
education is reserved for people with high incomes, in Africa this barrier is eroding. Could private education help overcome the
problems of the continent’s education systems? I’m sure you’ve never asked yourself that
question. To delve deeper into this phenomenon and to
figure out what’s going on, in this video we’ll focus on the examples of two very
different countries: Kenya and Liberia. Kenya is one of the stars of Africa’s takeoff. Since 2013, its economy has been growing at
an average of more than 5% per year. Liberia, on the other hand, is still one of
the ten poorest countries in the world and is bogged down with a lot of social and economic
problems. So.. What is a country as poor as Liberia doing
with private education? How and why would a struggling country promote
a private education model? Listen up. (LIBERIA, AWARE OF THE DISASTER) The Liberian government has noticed that it
has a huge problem, so huge that it’s practically impossible for them to manage it themselves. After 14 years of civil war and constant epidemics,
education has remained a second-, third- or fourth-level priority. Add to this uncontrolled corruption and the
failure of public services is evident. Of course disastrous management goes hand-in-hand
with disastrous results. However, the Liberian government has decided
to break the mould and bet on a fairly novel way to ensure that the poorest have access
to better education. The people responsible for this strategy change
are the largest company dedicated to low-cost private education in Africa: The Bridge International
Academies, a company founded in 2008 in Kenya by two American friends. It currently has more than 600 schools that
offer education to more than 120,000 students. But, of course, it isn’t the only company
dedicated to this activity, not at all. There’s also the Rising Academies, another
of the main low-cost private school companies in Africa, which was founded by British and
Canadian entrepreneurs. But… as we don’t have time to talk about
all the emerging companies, we’re going to focus today on Bridge, which is the largest
of them all. And the first question we need to ask ourselves
is… How is it funded? Well… nowadays it can continue operating
mostly thanks to the support of institutions such as the World Bank and with donations
from business heavyweights such as Mark Zuckerberg or Bill Gates, the founders of Facebook and
Microsoft. Because, in most cases, these kinds of educational
companies aren’t profitable. They only appear to be viable because of the
donations they receive. For example, let’s take the case of Bridge
International. In 2016 they declared an income of 16 million
dollars but had operating losses of 12 million. That means their total costs were a whopping
28 million, meaning their costs were 75% greater than their income. But, just a second, don’t think we’re
talking about something like an NGO, not at all. These companies are for-profit. What happens is that they conceive a long-term
business model. They hope that the economic development that
has begun in many African regions will soon allow them to reap the benefits. And of course, in the meantime they receive
support in the form of multiple donations, such as those of Bill Gates, that more than
compensate for all business losses. But they often receive these donations precisely
because they have a feasibility plan. That is, because they expect it to be a profitable,
and therefore autonomous and sustainable project in the medium-term. Of course, spending is easy but managing to
create a self-sustaining project… that’s something else. And it is precisely for this reason, and despite
all these losses, that the company continues with its expansion plan. It’s all thanks to the more than 140 million
dollars it has earned in investments and donations. Surprised? The fact is that in 2016, the government of
Liberia, a country where less than 40% of children receive primary education, decided
to work with Bridge International. Why? Well… because obvious that public education
wasn’t working in this country. (“Teachers don’t show up, even though
they’re paid by the government. There are no books. Training is very weak. School infrastructure is not safe. We have to do something radical.” – George Werner, ex-minister of Education
of Liberia.) The point is that the Liberian government
signed an agreement for Bridge International to operate 93 public schools with more than
27,000 students. Access to these schools is still free, the
government pays for the students. To date, this is the largest agreement signed
between an African government and a private education company. And this experiment seems to be quite a success. In level tests, students from schools managed
by Bridge International achieve much, much better results than students from schools
operated by the state. To give you an idea of the divide, in the
level tests the Bridge students’ results can be 100% higher. That is, Bridge students do twice as well
as students from government-controlled schools. But… just a second, because in spite of
these positive results, not every country is making things easy for this type of education
business. Take for example Kenya, the very country where
Bridge International was born. Listen up. (KENYA’S MISTRUST) Let’s not fool ourselves. Private schools can pose a threat to state-controlled
education and many governments don’t like that. Neither do public school teachers. That’s exactly what’s happening in Kenya
where the National Teachers’ Union has been conducting a very tough campaign against the
low-cost private schools’ model for years. Supposedly they are against the teachers in
these types of centers who don’t have a government license. Even though the students’ academic results
are much better. (“Bridge is unauthorised and illegal”. – Wilson Sossion, secretary-general of the
Kenya National Union of Teachers.) There is some truth however to their arguments. The company itself recognizes it. (‘Technically, we’re breaking the law
but so are thousands of other schools who are operating like this”. – Shannon May, co-founder of Bridge International
Academies.) Among other things, the educational programs
aren’t written in the country they’re destined for, nor do they meet the local governments’
requirements, they’re usually written abroad. In Bridge’s case, educational performance
is even evaluated by Harvard professors. Which, to tell the truth, and without meaning
to offend anyone, is probably not such a bad thing when you consider Kenya’s politicians. Of course, not everything is rosy with the
private model. And sometimes unpleasant situations occur. Companies like Bridge International are still
for-profit companies, which requires parents to keep up with payments. And that can be a struggle in a place like
Africa. However, what’s the alternative? Public schools where teachers go to class
when they feel like it or where math classes are taught by people who hardly know how to
multiply? In sub-Saharan Africa, governments have proven
very ineffective in providing public services. That’s why many alternatives are emerging. In some cases, they are companies and in others
they are non-profit organizations. The important thing is that these initiatives
are revolutionizing education in Africa. (Low-cost schools are transforming Africa. – Forbes) Could it be that investing in private low-cost
schools that aim to be profitable is one of the best ways to help develop quality education
in Africa? Could it be that investments are better than
mere handouts? Leave your answer in the comments. So I really hope you enjoyed this video, please
hit like if you did, and don’t forget to subscribe for brand new videos. Don’t forget to check out our friends at
the Reconsider Media Podcast – they provided the vocals in this episode that were not mine. Also, this channel is possible because of
Patreon, and our patrons on that platform. Please consider joining them and supporting
our mission of providing independent political coverage. And as always, I’ll see you in the next
video.

100 Comments

  1. Huber Enrique Alvarado Fuentes Author

    what a so interesting video, but keep doing videos about companies and economy politics please and by the way you are very good doing videos, keep that way

    Reply
  2. Larry Phischman Author

    The profit motive is fundamentally evil, meaning it harms the many for the benefit of the few, and corrupts everything it touches. Private education should be banned below the college level, everywhere. All education systems should be like Finland's.

    Reply
  3. m michels Author

    Low cost sheepherding for profit NEO-LIBERAL/NEO COLONIAL (UN, NGOs, Lucis Trust SATANIC) programming.
    Youth indoctrination, included in this global curriculum probably gender divise nonsense and climate-hoax-money-making-machinery.(which will tax the poor 'developing countries' for the pollution of the rich west, in the coming generations).
    Africans should not envy their oppressors, for its the way they shall be oppressed continuously after.

    Reply
  4. fiona fiona Author

    The USAmerican system is equally as bad?
    Getting suitable licences for teachers is good too, as making the one my university offers international requires as little as 6 months abroad it seems quite possible.

    Reply
  5. B one K Author

    This channel's content on Africa is usually really shallow and underwhelming.
    This video for instance leaves viewers who have little knowledge of a country like Kenya with the impression that a single organization like Bridge international is one of a kind in the country while really its not. Its no where near the first nor does it even make 1% of the total private schools in Kenya owned by Kenyans.
    Private schools in Kenya have a long history, close to a century. Starting from the period when the invader's government DID NOT WANT modern schooling for anyone African, parallel private schools where created.
    The irony of this video is how Simon presents Bridge(which I never heard of as a Kenyan till now) as the 'game changer', and ignoring everything else. For someone who knows and understands the reality, its like someone focusing a camera lens on a glass of water on the foreground the whole time while ignoring the massive lake already created in the background.
    And Kenya's literacy is high, but that isn't the main precursor to growth but rather inspiration in my opinion.
    Anyway, the music is always playing even when you aren't listening Simon. Don't get out of synch.

    Reply
  6. Brian SoSick Author

    I studied in kenya, Private primary schools are a better than public schools. They come in a wide range from cost to model. Public highschools and universities are alot better though..

    Reply
  7. denis njoroge Author

    Thanks for touching on my country Kenya. I faced the some challenges when I was studying. The government should give up on controlling education

    Reply
  8. TarikDaniel Author

    But why should this be best solution for a poor country? Why building doubled infrastructure instead of one good one? Where do they get better teachers? Why not giving consultancy services to the government and authorities instead and build up a QM? One answer: profit.

    Reply
  9. Oleg Popov Author

    It's rarely spoken of but the foundation of Soviet Union was education. In 1920s the illiteracy was eliminated, then a whole network of libraries, colleges and universities was opened across the country. This became a foundation for the first man in cosmos and other achievements, therefore, poor or no education and you're in a deep trouble

    Reply
  10. makki al qaosain Author

    Why am I not surprised, another situation where private entrepreneurs performed better than governments. Market forces are the best way to ensure quality.

    Reply
  11. Koffi Kelvin Author

    As other Kenyans have rightly pointed out bridge occupies a very small percentage of a certain niche of education… Their experience in Kenya should not be equated to the general trend in the whole country … As anywhere the challenge of education is multifaceted and as diverse as each of the 50 million Kenyans … Much as you have used bridge as a case study they affect very little of the education in the country so its abit different throughout the country some public schools in fact do offer better quality education than private

    Reply
  12. first Impression Author

    African countries have all the money they need to have 1st world education. All they need is to get rid of western corporations that corrupt their governments and extract all their natural resources. They need the developed countries to help ending fiscal paradises so that all the wealth from African countries are not stolen from their people and sent to these fiscal paradises. That is what Africa needs.

    Reply
  13. Miroslav Houdek Author

    Give man a fish and he'll be fed for a day. Give man a fisherman position without proper oversight and he'll be fake fishing for the rest of his life.

    Reply
  14. Maikon Secretario Author

    Kenya's mistrust emerges from a perverse combination of greed, pseudo-nationalism and ineptitude. The Govt doesn't like it because it can't control it, the teachers don't like it because it makes them look corrupt and inefficient and some people don't like it out of their feelings of pseudo-nationalism.

    At the end of the day Kenya is irredeemably fucked. It has no idea what it wants, has a president and cabinet that openly disparage higher education and is rapidly sinking into unpayable debt. LOL

    Reply
  15. Patrick Freeman Author

    There's one critical unstated assumption by these projects – and that's that lack of schooling is in this case the cause of, and not a symptom of, systematic poverty. In Liberia for instance, kids are discouraged from going to school for economic reasons. It takes an entire family just to put food on the table, and every kid in school increases the relative cost of survival. In general, it would make sense to make that sacrifice because, according to the Western education paradigm, good schooling empowers you to pursue better career opportunities, or try to start your own business, right? Except here's the problem – property rights aren't enforced except for well connected bureaucrats (courts don't actually function, which is why large international businesses that don't want legal accountability incorporate there), meaning those employment opportunities never have an opportunity to exist. This means that incurring the tremendous cost of sending your kids to school doesn't actually yield any of the benefits it did in those other countries. Singapore, China, etc., all were able to make use of those educational programs because they had notoriously reliable property rights for private businesses.

    Reply
  16. FreeGoro Author

    There's some exciting cheap private school action happening in South Africa at the moment. Being inequality central, an education in SA is the difference between a typical European standard of living and a terrible African standard of living. In the same country.

    Reply
  17. Nathan & Sopa Author

    As a British expat my daughter has been home tutored mainly using some cheap course books with workbooks, YouTube and other online resources, and she's outperforming all her old classmates in her GCSEs. I think the old school model is useless in classrooms with more than 40 pupils to a class. I would have thought that in Africa with vast amounts of the populace speaking English or French, it'd be more beneficial to explore online tuition than the old tired school classroom model.

    Reply
  18. Ja the Venerable Divi Filius Author

    Has anyone been able to decipher this sophisticated coded communication from advanced space entities https://youtu.be/dK2zzhgMlJA

    Reply
  19. Siddhartth Author

    Private/corporate sector and education, all i see is birth of the indigenous education mafia. We'll soon have an African Trump University. African/Eastern European/South Asian countries need a functional Government run education programmes i.e. public sector. All the development in India and China that has happened is a result of quality public sector education. These schools gave us the few Noble laureates that we have. All private education has produced is a surplus of software Engineers for Google and Microsoft, a demographic which one can argue there's already enough of in this world.

    Reply
  20. John Sesay Author

    I’m a Sierra Leonean currently doing my undergraduate in China. From experience (having graduated from high school just two years ago) I don’t think there are fake teachers in Sierra Leone and that is because even the qualified teachers on pay roll are sometimes not paid fully and on time. During my years of schooling there have been quite a number of protests from the teachers union for this reason. One of the main reason why literacy is not high in Sierra Leone is because the government is not investing in the educational sector like building state of the art facilities for a better learning environment and increasing the salaries of the teachers.

    Reply
  21. Govedi Masonkole Author

    Simon I defy with the entire documentary… sometimes it’s good you do a little bit of ground research. Am from Kenya and I went through all government education from primary to University and what you are saying is totally different than what’s in the ground he. At least consult a local before make videos without substantial evidence. Kenya Education is one of the best in Africa, and it’s completely free . In University you get sponsored by the government if you meet a certain threshold in your High School exam . We have something called Helb … in 2017 Kenya saw 99.99 % students joining high school from primary school. Please do good research on the ground before making a joke of yourself.. I have always respected you channel but dude Kenyans are watching this and they are surprised which Kenya you are talking about…

    Reply
  22. Ali Khan Author

    To be fair, this sort of thing is a problem everywhere. Even in India. Please do a segment on that topic as well.

    https://sscoaching.in/Nios_list-of-real-and-fake-education-boards-in-india_17.html

    https://www.indiatoday.in/india/north/story/fake-schools-in-uttar-pradesh-120619-2012-11-05

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/28/hundreds-of-indian-teachers-quit-amid-crackdown-on-fake-qualifications

    Reply
  23. Jake Ben Author

    https://youtu.be/8xX5yeH6yqQ?t=150

    Why should poor communities be forced to pay for uniforms? Is wearing a uniform so essential? At work or any othervpart of their life they will never need to wear one?

    Reply
  24. Dr B Author

    A vivid example of how governments can ruin any important issue. Privatization in every key sector is needed to compete against lazy public servers.

    Reply
  25. thomas kyhatoh Author

    I am from Kenya… And its the first time I have heard about this bridge initiative…. Which means its very irrelevant in Kenya… Only relevant to making your video

    Reply
  26. Agnieszka Gill Author

    by crook or by hook, …f kids in state schools are getting worse education, why are there public schools? So they can brag that there is one? Clearly,, these public teacher appointments are done for reasons not related to teaching,

    Reply
  27. Igor Grbaslijev Author

    A lot is happening in Chile right now. Protests in whole country. I taught it would be interesting since Chile is one of the most developed countries of South America.

    Reply
  28. Wurfenkopf Author

    If you take a Visualpolitik video and remove the content, you get:

    Hold on a second!
    Well, the answer is no
    Listen up
    But hold on a second
    Well, you would be absolutely right
    Well, you would be absolutely wrong
    Hold on a second
    Listen up

    Reply
  29. Felicia Rodrigues Author

    This guy didn't really seem to know what's going on in the system. He did well generalizing Africans and not being specific with regards to country. Can he say the same about South Africa. Let the white man continue telling the "facts," of another. We all know what happens there.

    Reply
  30. Gags GAGS Author

    I'm still trying to figure out how my Snickers candy bar gets 50% larger every year according to the package but the candy bar keeps getting smaller and smaller. If a school can teach me that math then I could probably work at CERN

    Reply
  31. MZ Masim Author

    I'm really starting to question whether this guy has even been to sub saharan africa, he doesn't even seem to understand just how big Africa is, he is speaking of it like its just one small undeveloped country in some remote part of the world

    Reply
  32. jan aert Author

    I've meet a lot of kenyans who happen to be beneficiaries of low cost private schools(funded buy locals, churches and parents of the students.) And they are just as competent as the best ivy league schooled colleagues. So i just want to send a shout out to the locals grinding everyday to better their societies!!!

    Reply
  33. Mark Grisnich Author

    If Bridge keeps it up, when the Kenyan and Liberian economies begin to accelerate, Bridge will quickly be financially secure, and soon after, they will be rich beyond measure. Such a value-driven long-term sustainability plan is the most lucrative and effective model – in my opinion – ever conceived.

    Reply
  34. Popo Romeo Author

    I think due to poor investigation you don't have idea to what's going on in Africa you have put the agenda that subsahara countries are incompetence in everything to correct you south africa and Zimbabwe have the best education system in Africa but because of the misconception you have about zimbabwean you did not think anything good can come out of that country south african students have high IQ than some of the countries in Europe but because of your poor investigation you don't know that

    Reply
  35. Geff Stu Author

    So. An unimaginably talented guy goes takes the time to choose topical issues, do research, and present the information intelligently and fairly, and the army of low-IQ ingrates lurking on the internet think it clever to tell him that Africa is not a country?

    Some people are just so ungrateful. Shame on them.

    I’ve been following you for a long time and I’m so glad you’ve garnered an incredible amount of followers and must be doing very well for yourself by now. Keep up the good work, it’s highly appreciated.

    Reply
  36. arkorful kwaansa Author

    you speak of Africa as if it is the same in all regions in africa
    i am a ghanaian and i can boast of the quality of education i had way back in my elimentary school days. some countries do have more than qualified teachers, lecturers, etc. i agree with you tho on the ghost teachers and ghost schools. it was actually disgusting in ghana when a thorough check was made identify these ghost names on government payroll

    Reply
  37. Angela Laurian Author

    Hi Simon, hope you allow an input on the reality: The Education Commission estimates that intl. financing for education will need to increase from current levels of $12billion/year to $89 billion per year by 2025 to cover the basic(!) education costs in low-income countries (Sub-Saharan Africa)!
    Furthermore, approx. 120M kids are yet not in School in Africa alone (and 80% of all girls age five to 16 (~400million!!!) will never see a School in Africa)!
    Aside of this, unfortunately Bridge does NOT truly teach and prepare children for the challenges to come. In this respect, Solar Schools, and smart farming initiatives are of utmost importance to create a new form of education to prepare children in Africa (and elsewhere) for the 21st century and the challenges to come…so should do Bridge – if they have such financial muscles. Teaching Teachers are easy to overcome but building class rooms akin Schools in rural areas is the real challenge due to system immanent roadblocks mainly on tribal and political levels – but it can be done and overcome by installing containerized(!) Schools and fit those with Solar Containers building decentralized nanogrids and the same time, locally, to empower local communities, where we could teach kids in smart farming technologies as this will be key for them to survive the future where food shortage and lack of water (portable) will cause otherwise deadly conflicts.

    Reply
  38. Marcus Hampe Author

    Simon, quite a fast paced info clip catching the viewers, however, lets start with some thoughts first: Over the past decade, aid funding for education has declined to less than 10(!) percent of global official development assistance, leaving much of the financing to national governments strained by conflicting priorities. The >Education Commission< estimates that international financing for education will need to increase from the current level of $12 billion per year to $89 billion per year by 2025 to adequately cover education costs in low-income countries.

    To innovate the education system, one must be thinking of innovation through collaboration and be prepared to listen because innovations take time and you have to be willing to take the journey with the community you serve. This said means also to accept the biggest challenge where we have to teach children (and communities) in Africa: How to live with Climate Change – and how to tackle it! Lets be real: not every child will be able and qualify into a University and you should not make people believe that that is the ultimate goal for Africas youth; instead we should call African leaders to be more vocal on a crisp change of education philosophy, consider to build more schools and each of them with smart farming (local Aquaponic systems to enhance self-sustaining food production) capabilities so food production and smart farming can be taught, as well Solar Power brought into those Schools with so called Nanogrids, Solar equipped containers ready to go within two hours of set-up, plug and play!

    So if we talk about "Low Cost Schools", Foundations like "Bridge Intl Academies" and local governments should invest and team-up with local and private organisations, banks, energy and mobile phone providers as an example – and facilitate containerized, scalable "Solar Schools" as only with those we can re-design the School models towards a new revolutionizing education process for Africa, including bringing also containerized maternity clinics on a scaled process closer to rural communities to teach young African kids and girls about hygiene and design a necessary awareness how to protect themselves to get pregnant.

    Reply
  39. Abraham Banaddawa Author

    As in almost all things.investment by the nature of its design is much better at solving long term issues than hand outs.

    Note. Private education in Africa has been on going for decades ran by Africans for the good of Africa and succeeded financially on many tiers

    Reply
  40. Xahar Xeruji Author

    Hi there… I am from Malaysia. I like your simple English presentation with a little bit of sarcasm. Just wonder, is it possible for you and your team to come out with a new video about Malaysia. The video shall be about the relationship between Malaysia politic and it's economic policy, especially on the amount of debt in Malaysia that increased significantly since the new government (of Hope Coalition or Pakatan Harapan) won the May 2018 General Election. The new Minister of Finance (Lim Guan Eng) and Second Time Prime Minister (Tun Mahathir) claimed that the current government has to borrow more money (through the selling of government bonds) to cover the damage done by the previous government (National Coalition or Barisan Nasional), preventing the country into bankruptcy. But even if we add up the debt caused by the most controversial fund company 1MDB, we will know that the amount is too small in term of percentage (and cannot cause the country into bankruptcy). And non of the new borrowed money is used to pay any of the current or long-term government loan. The country going to have a much higher real deficit for 2019 compared to what has been budgeted. You may also explain also how the deficit budget could cause short term and long-term for the country like Malaysia (which I believe don't have much room to implement QE like US, Japan and UK). 
    This would be a very interesting video if you can highlight the lack of understanding in macroeconomics among the current government ministers. I can assure you I will promote your video about Malaysia extensively (i can viral to my people) to get 1 million Malaysians viewing.
    I hope my request would get attention from you and your team. Thank you.

    Reply
  41. marcus alexander Author

    Lets put it like this: Africa is a continent – not a country – encompassing the USA, China, India, Europe and Mexico if compared in size, and the two examples (Liberia & Kenia) are just "highlighting" a nano fraction on what the real issues are where recently some of its leaders of 14 countries announced that Atomic(!) Power Plants are the only form of means to "empower" Africa, despite knowing better. Same applies for the education system, which is so diverse as the languages and dialects spoken in Africa are. What African leaders have not understood is the fact that neither Atomic Power Plants nor the educational system, teaching 19th century style yet in place will leapfrog Africa into the 21st century.

    There are thousands of private Foundations on the ground trying hard to make a difference, but in the end, each government, each country needs to commit to a revolution in education, make money accessible to build Schools that teach what the 21st century challenges are mainly about: smart farming and engineering, teaching children how to grow food and overcome challenges caused by climate change.
    Sad bad so true, a fast paced video of an "Infliuencer" highlighting and promoting a nice foundation, which should also re-think their business model, especially if looking to make it a promising business model for the future, teaching Aquaponics and make use of Solar Power to establish and helping the cause – that would be a nice message!

    Reply
  42. Hail Nut Author

    Lets keep in mind that an estimated 10 million graduates enter the African workforce each year. By 2030 already, the continent’s labor force could possibly surpass that of India and China.

    The future success of the African continent lies to a large degree not only in its ability to hone the skills and talents of its ever-growing youth population, but channel and steering it as well.
    However, some argue that the current education system in Africa uses outdated methods and is not preparing children for the future. Aside of having 130 million kids not in School and 80% of the six (6) to 16 year old girls (young women) never being able to see a School in Africa!

    The solution follows a simple equation: we can not teach in 19th century modi if we look at the challenges ahead of us in the 21st century, namely climate change and automatisation. Africa will need to overcome severe food and water challenges in the future (military conflicts aside) based on climate change, hence we need to bring to each School a know-how of smart farming and alike engineering skills to be taught. We call those Green #SolarSchools for Africa.

    On top of that, we need to start thinking to decentralizing our energy grids to nano-powered scalable solar module-grids, coming as plug & play models in form of shipping containers, so we can empower rural Africa and are not dependent on nuclear power which is currently considered again by some politicians as the ultimate solution, despite knowing better.

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