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Major natural resources in Sierra Leone


Hello, welcome to Biogreat Tv,if you’re new
here please subscribe and turn on the notification so you don’t miss our next video.   Major
natural resources in Sierra Leone Officially known as the Republic of Sierra Leone, and
informally as Salone, Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa. The capital and largest city
is Freetown. The city of Freetown was founded on March 11, 1792 and was a haven for free-born
and freed African Americans slaves, liberated Africans and Caribbean settlers.  Sierra
Leone which is bordered by Liberia to the southeast and Guinea to the northeast, has
a land area of about 27,699 square miles and 1.1 percent of this area is covered by water.
Going by 2018 estimates, the country has a population of about seven million people whose
government depends on the country’s natural resources. Thanks to these resources, Sierra
Leones economy stood at about $12.177 billion in 2018. Let’s take a look at some of them. Diamond In
2007 diamonds alone accounted for about 46 percent of the total export revenue. Diamond
is the number one product mined in Sierra Leone. Diamond mining in Sierra Leone has
been documented since the 1930s when De Beers, a London based company took over complete
control of Sierra Leone’s diamond mining. But after the country gained her independence
from the British colonial masters, the government took control of the mining of this profitable
asset. Annual production of Sierra Leone’s diamond estimates range between US$250 million–$300
million. Sierra Leone is a major producer of gem-quality diamonds and is among the top
ten diamond producing nations of the world. Unfortunately conflicts arose as different
groups struggled for control of this precious mineral. Eventually things went out of control
and a civil war broke out in the country. The conflicts surrounding Sierra Leone’s diamonds
is the inspiration behind the Hollywood movie “Blood Diamond” which was released in
2006. Gold Although gold is not the number one mineral mined in Sierra Leone, the mining
of this equally precious mineral also plays an important role in the economy of the country. 
The fact that Sierra Leone is located in the same region as Mali and Ghana, which are major
gold producing countries in Africa, means that the country has great potential for gold
production. The main reason why gold production in Sierra Leone is not currently so high,
is not necessarily because it is lacking in abundance, rather, it could be a reflection
of the general underdevelopment of the mining sector of the nation.The majority of the gold
mined in Sierra Leone is from small-scale operations around alluvial gold deposits.
Nevertheless, there is a growing presence of big corporations in the sector, with the
aim of establishing large scale mining of gold.  Since the end of the civil war in
the 2000s, these big corporations have been mining and their increased exploration activities
have recorded more positive results, pointing to a bright future for the sector. Aside
from diamond and gold, other minerals mined in Sierra Leone include, bauxite, rutile,
limonite, and iron. Sierra Leone has one of the world’s largest deposits of rutile, a
titanium ore used as paint pigment and welding rod coatings. Mining is one of the most vital
sectors in Sierra Leone. It was responsible for around 79% of the total exports from the
country in 2007.  Agriculture As it’s obtainable in many African countries, agriculture is
also an important resource in Sierra Leone. 58 percent of the nation’s Gross Domestic
Product came from this sector in 2007. Also, two-thirds of the nation’s population are
actively engaged one way or the other in agriculture.This means agriculture is the largest employer
of labour in Sierra Leone. There are about 3.6 million hectares of land under cultivation
in Sierra Leone, and another 2.2 million hectares of fields and pastures. Most of these lands
are cultivated by small peasant farmers and food crops are mostly grown. Crops grown for
local consumption include rice, cassava, maize, millet, sorghum, and sweet potatoes. Crops
cultivated for export include oil palms, coffee, cacao, ginger, citrus fruits, peanuts, and
kola nuts.Rice is the most important staple crop grown in Sierra Leone. 85 percent of
farmers in the country cultivate rice, especially during the rainy season. Annual consumption
of this staple is about 76 kg per person.Animal husbandry which is mostly in the northern
part of the country is not so robust. This is as a result of the challenge of tsetse
fly, whose bite leads to death for most animals. Natural resorts Tourism is a strongly evolving
sector in Sierra Leone, thanks to the natural sandy beaches abundant in the country. Aside
from the beaches, other natural attractions include nature reserves, islands, and mountains.
The Guardian newspaper of the UK once voted one of the beaches in Sierra Leone: River
Number 2 beach, as the best beach in the whole of Africa. Also, Sierra Leone has the third
largest natural harbor in the world. According to the International Labour Organization,
the tourism sector of Sierra Leone employs about eight thousand people. That figure is
expected to increase as the years go by, given the increasing number of tourists visiting
the country each year.  Which have we missed out of these resources? Let’s know in the
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