Articles, Blog

Telangana | Wikipedia audio article


Telangana ( (listen)) is a state in India
situated on the centre-south stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau.
It is the eleventh largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical
area of 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi) and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. On 2 June 2014,
the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed
29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital. Its other major cities
include Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra
to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east
and south. The terrain of Telangana region consists mostly of hills, mountain ranges,
and thick dense forests covering an area of 27,292 sq. km. As of 2019, the state of Telangana
is divided into 33 districts. Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages,
the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Indian powers such as the
Cholas, Mauryans, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate,
Golconda Sultanate. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals.
The region is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb. During the 18th century and the British Raj,
Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern
Circars (Coastal Andhra) and Ceded Districts (Rayalseema), which were handed over to the
East India Company. The annexation by the British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad
State, the Nizam’s dominion, of the considerable coastline it formerly had, to that of a landlocked
princely state with territories in the central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India.
Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency until India’s
independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India’s Madras state.The Hyderabad
state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the
Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana
was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State (part of the Madras Presidency during
the British Raj) to form Andhra Pradesh. A peasant-driven movement began to advocate
for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, and continued until Telangana
was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014.The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest
state economy in India with ₹8.66 lakh crore (US$130 billion) in gross domestic product
and a per capita GDP of ₹206,000 (US$3,000). Telangana ranks sixteenth among Indian states
in human development index. The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software,
industry and services sector. The state is also the main administrative centre of many
Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical
Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research
and Development Laboratory.The cultural hearts of Telangana, Hyderabad, and Warangal, are
noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs,
Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam,
Thousand Pillar Temple and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. The historic
city Golconda in Hyderabad established itself as a diamond trading center and, until the
end of the 19th century, the Golconda market was the primary source of the finest and largest
diamonds in the world. Thus, the legendary name Golconda Diamonds became synonymous with
Golconda itself. The Golconda region has produced some of the world’s most famous diamonds,
including the colorless Koh-i-Noor (owned by the United Kingdom), the blue Hope (United
States), the pink Daria-i-Noor (Iran), the white Regent (France), the Dresden Green (Germany),
and the colorless Orlov (Russia), Nizam and Jacob (India), as well as the now lost diamonds
Florentine Yellow, Akbar Shah and Great Mogul. Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha
Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, and Medak Cathedral are
several of its most famous places of worship.==Etymology==
A popular etymology derives the word “Telangana” from Trilinga desa (“land of three lingas”),
a region so called because three important Shaivite shrines were located here: Kaleshwaram,
Srisailam and Draksharama. According to Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, a former director of Andhra
Pradesh Oriental Manuscripts Library and Research Centre, the name Telangana is of Gondi origin.
Rao asserts that it is derived from “Telangadh”, which according to him, means “south” in Gondi
and has been referred to in “Gond script dating back to about 2000 years”.One of the earliest
uses of a word similar to Telangana can also be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul (14th century
CE), who was called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Telangana. He was the commander
of the Warangal Fort (Kataka Pāludu).A 16th-century travel writer, Firishta, recorded in his book: During the just reign of Ibrahim Kootb Shah,
Tulingana, like Egypt, became the mart of the whole world. Merchants from Toorkistan,
Arabia, and Persia resorted to it; and they met with such encouragement that they found
in it inducements to return frequently. The greatest luxuries from foreign parts daily
abounded at the king’s hospitable board. The word “Telinga” changed over time to “Telangana”
and the name “Telangana” was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking
region of the erstwhile Hyderabad State from its predominantly Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada.
After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region
retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras Presidency’s Circars
and Ceded.==History==Telangana was governed by many rulers, including
the Maurya Empire (320 BCE–180 BCE), Satavahana dynasty (180 BCE–220 CE), Vakataka dynasty
(250 CE–500 CE), Chalukya dynasty (543 CE–753 CE), Rashtrakuta dynasty (753 CE–982 CE),
the Kakatiya Dynasty (1083 CE–1323 CE), the Musunuri Nayaks (1326 CE–1356 CE) the
Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate (1347 CE–1512 CE), Vijayanagara Empire (1336 CE–1646
CE), Qutb Shahi dynasty (1512 CE–1687 CE), Mughal Empire (1687 CE–1724 CE) and Asaf
Jahi Dynasty (1724 CE–1948 CE).===Early history===
The Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE) became the dominant power in this region.
It originated from the lands between the Godavari and Krishna rivers and was based at Amaravathi
and Dharanikota. After the decline of the Satavahanas, various dynasties, such as the
Vakataka, Vishnukundina, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Western Chalukya, ruled the area.===Kakatiya Dynasty===The Telangana area experienced its golden
age during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty, which ruled most parts of the present-day
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana from 1083 to 1323 CE. Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra II
were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty. The dynasty weakened with the attack of Malik
Kafur in 1309 and was dissolved after the defeat of Prataparudra by the forces of Muhammad
bin Tughluq in 1323.===Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi’s===The area came under the rule of the Delhi
Sultanate in the 14th century, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate. Quli Qutb Mulk, a governor
of Golconda, revolted against the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty
in 1518. On 21 September 1687, the Golconda Sultanate came under the rule of the Mughal
emperor Aurangzeb after a year-long siege of the Golconda fort.In 1712, Qamar-ud-din
Khan was appointed by emperor Farrukhsiyar as the viceroy of Deccan with the title Nizam-ul-Mulk
(meaning “Administrator of the Realm”). He was later recalled to Delhi, with Mubariz
Khan appointed as the viceroy. In 1724, Qamar-ud-din Khan defeated Mubariz Khan to reclaim the
Deccan suba, establishing it as an autonomous province of the Mughal empire. He took the
name Asif Jah, starting what came to be known as the Asif Jahi dynasty. He named the area
Hyderabad Deccan. Subsequent rulers retained the title Nizam ul-Mulk and were called Asif
Jahi Nizams or nizams of Hyderabad. The Medak and Warangal divisions of Telangana were part
of their realm. When Asif Jah I died in 1748, there was political
unrest due to contention for the throne among his sons, who were aided by opportunistic
neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. In 1769, Hyderabad city became the formal
capital of the Nizams. The Nizam Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV signed the Subsidiary Alliance
with the British in 1799 and lost its control over the state’s defence and foreign affairs.
Hyderabad State became a princely state among the presidencies and provinces of British
India.===Post-independence===
When India became independent from the British Empire in 1947, the Nizam of Hyderabad did
not want to merge with the Indian Union and wanted to remain independent. The Government
of India annexed Hyderabad State on 17 September 1948 after a military operation called Operation
Polo. It appointed a civil servant, M. K. Vellodi, as first chief minister of Hyderabad
State on 26 January 1950. He administered the state with the help of English-educated
bureaucrats from the Madras and Bombay states, who were familiar with British systems of
administration unlike the bureaucrats of Hyderabad State who used a completely different administrative
system. The official language of the state was switched from Urdu to English.
In 1952, Dr. Burgula Ramakrishna Rao was elected chief minister of the Hyderabad State in its
first democratic election. During this time, there were violent agitations by some Telanganites
to send the Madras state bureaucrats back and implement a rule by the natives (mulkis)
of Hyderabad (Syed Alam Sharjil) was elected chief minister of Hyderabad after (Dr Burgula
Ramakrishana Rao) for one year after he resigned from the post.===Telangana Rebellion===The Telangana Rebellion was a peasant revolt
supported by the communists. It originated in the Telangana regions of the Hyderabad
State between 1946 and 1951, led by the Communist Party of India (CPI).The revolt began in the
Nalgonda district against the feudal lords of Reddy and Velama castes. It quickly spread
to the Warangal and Bidar districts. Peasant farmers and labourers revolted against the
local feudal landlords (jagirdars and deshmukhs) and later against the Nizam Osman Ali Khan.
The violent phase of the movement ended after the government of India’s Operation Polo.
Starting in 1951, the CPI shifted to a more moderate strategy of seeking to bring communism
to India within the framework of Indian democracy.===States Reorganisation Commission===
In December 1953, the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) was appointed to form states
on a linguistic basis. An agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders
on 20 February 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard Telangana’s
interests. After reorganisation in 1956, the region of Telangana was merged with Andhra
State to form Andhra Pradesh. Following this Gentlemen’s agreement, the
central government established the unified state of Andhra Pradesh on 1 November 1956.
G.O 553 of 1959 from the united Andhra Pradesh state moved two revenue divisions of Bhadrachalam
from East Godavari and Aswaraopeta from West Godavari to Khammam for administrative convenience.===Telangana movement===There have been several movements to revoke
the merger of Telangana and Andhra, major ones occurring in 1969, 1972 and 2009. The
movement for a new state of Telangana gained momentum in the 21st century by an initiative
of Telangana Political Joint Action Committee, TJAC including political leadership representing
Telangana area. On 9 December 2009 the government of India announced the process of formation
of the Telangana state. Violent protests led by people in the Coastal Andhra and Rayalseema
regions occurred immediately after the announcement, and the decision was put on hold on 23 December
2009. The movement continued in Hyderabad and other
districts of Telangana. There have been hundreds of claimed suicides, strikes, protests and
disturbances to public life demanding separate statehood.===Formation of Telangana state in 2014===On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee
unanimously passed a resolution to recommend the formation of a separate Telangana state.
After various stages the bill was placed in the Parliament of India in February 2014.
In February 2014, Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 bill was passed by the Parliament
of India for the formation of Telangana state comprising ten districts from north-western
Andhra Pradesh. The bill received the assent of the president and published in the Gazette
on 1 March 2014.The state of Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014. Kalvakuntla
Chandrashekar Rao was elected as the first chief minister of Telangana, following elections
in which the Telangana Rashtra Samithi party secured majority. Hyderabad will remain as
the joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for a period, not more than ten years
after that period Hyderabad shall be the capital of the state of Telangana and there shall
be a new capital for the state of Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh picked Amaravati as its capital
and moved its secretariat in 2016 and legislature in March 2017 to its new capital.==Geography==Telangana is situated on the Deccan Plateau,
in the central stretch of the eastern seaboard of the Indian Peninsula. It covers 112,077
square kilometres (43,273 sq mi). The region is drained by two major rivers, with about
79% of the Godavari River catchment area and about 69% of the Krishna River catchment area,
but most of the land is arid. Telangana is also drained by several minor rivers such
as the Bhima, the Maner, the Manjira and the Musi.
The annual rainfall is between 900 and 1500 mm in northern Telangana and 700 to 900 mm
in southern Telangana, from the southwest monsoons. Telangana contains various soil
types, some of which are red sandy loams (Chalaka), Red loamy sands (Dubba), lateritic soils,
salt affected soils, alluvial soils, shallow to medium black soils and very deep black
cotton soils. These soil types allow the planting of a variety of fruits and vegetable crops
such as mangoes, oranges, coconut, sugarcane, paddy, banana and flower crops.===Climate===
Telangana is a semi-arid area and has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summers start in March,
and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon
arrives in June and lasts until September with about 755 mm (29.7 inches) of precipitation.
A dry, mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February with little
humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range.====Ecology====
The Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests
ecoregion covers much of the state, including Hyderabad. The characteristic vegetation is
woodlands of Hardwickia binata and Albizia amara. Over 80% of the original forest cover
has been cleared for agriculture, timber harvesting, or cattle grazing, but large blocks of forest
can be found in Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve and elsewhere. The more humid Eastern
Highlands moist deciduous forests cover the Eastern Ghats in the eastern part of the state.====National parks and sanctuaries====
Telangana has three National Parks: Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park in Hyderabad district,
and Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and Mrugavani National Park in Ranga Reddy
district. Wildlife Sanctuaries in Telangana include
Eturunagaram Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary in Warangal District, Kawal
Tiger Reserve and Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary in Adilabad district, Kinnerasani Wildlife
Sanctuary in Khammam district, Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary in Medak district, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam
Tiger Reserve in Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar districts, Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary in
Medak and Nizamabad districts, Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary in Karimnagar district.
Sacred groves are small areas of forest preserved by local people. Sacred groves provide sanctuary
to the local flora and fauna. Some are included within other protected areas, like Kadalivanam
in Nagarjunsagar–Srisailam Tiger Reserve, but most stand alone. There are 65 sacred
groves Telangana—two in Adilabad district, thirteen in Hyderabad district, four in Karimnagar
district, four in Khammam district, nine in Mahbubnagar district, four in Medak district,
nine in Nalgonda district, ten in Ranga Reddy district, and three in Warangal district.==Demographics==Telugu, one of the classical languages of
India, is the official language of Telangana and Urdu is the second official language of
the state. About 77% of the population of Telangana speak Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and
13% speak other languages. Before 1948, Urdu was the official language of Hyderabad State,
and due to a lack of Telugu-language educational institutions, Urdu was the language of the
educated elite of Telangana. After 1948, once Hyderabad State joined the new Republic of
India, Telugu became the language of government, and as Telugu was introduced as the medium
of instruction in schools and colleges, the use of Urdu among non Hyderabadi Muslims decreased.
Both Telugu and Urdu are used in services across the state, such as the Telangana Legislature
website, with Telugu and Urdu versions of the website available, as well as the Hyderabad
metro, wherein both languages are used on station names and signs along with English
and Hindi. The Urdu spoken in Telangana is called Hyderabadi Urdu, which in itself is
a dialect of the larger Dakhini Urdu dialects of South India. Although the language is orally
spoken by most Hyderabadi Muslims, the language in a literary context has long been lost,
and standard Urdu is used.The religious makeup of Telangana is about 85.1% Hindu, 12.7% Muslim,
and 1.3% Christian, and 0.9% others.According to the 2011 census, Telangana’s literacy rate
is 66.46%. Male literacy and female literacy are 74.95% and 57.92%, respectively. Hyderabad
district leading with 80.96% and Mahabubnagar district at the bottom with 56.06%.According
to the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme 2009–10, there are 9 backward districts
(all except Hyderabad) from Telangana and the rest are from other regions.==Government and politics==Telangana is governed by a parliamentary system
of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Universal
suffrage is granted to residents. There are three branches of government. Executive authority is vested in the Council
of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is
the Governor. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India.
The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is
appointed as the chief minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed
by the governor on the advice of the chief minister. The Council of Ministers reports
to the Legislative Assembly. The legislature, the Telangana Legislative
Assembly and the Telangana Legislative Council, consists of elected members and special office
bearers such as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker, that are elected by the members. Assembly
meetings are presided over by the speaker or the deputy speaker in the speaker’s absence.
The Assembly is bicameral with 119 Members of the Legislative Assembly and 40 Member
of the Legislative Council. Terms of office run for five years unless the Assembly is
dissolved prior to the completion of the term. The Legislative Council is a permanent body
with one-third members retiring every two years.
The judiciary is composed of the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad and a system of
lower courts.Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections
are regularly held, govern local affairs. The state contributes seats to Lok Sabha.
The main players in the regional politics are the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, All India
Forward Bloc, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, Telugu Desam Party, Bharatiya Janata
Party and Indian National Congress. Following the Telangana Legislative Assembly Election
in 2014, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi under Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao was elected
to power.===Administrative divisions===The state is divided into 33 districts. The
latest two new districts, Mulugu and Narayanpet, were formed on 17 February 2019. The districts
are divided into 70 revenue divisions which are further divided into 584 mandals.The districts
in the state are: There are a total of 12 cities in the state.
Hyderabad is the biggest city in the state and 4th largest city in India. There are 13
municipal corporations and 132 municipalities in the state.==Economy==The economy of Telangana is mainly driven
by agriculture. Two important rivers of India, the Godavari and Krishna, flow through
the state, providing irrigation. Farmers in Telangana
mainly depend on rain-fed water sources for irrigation. Rice is the major food crop. Other
important crops are cotton, sugar cane, mango, and tobacco. Recently, crops used for vegetable
oil production such as sunflower and peanuts have gained favour. There are many multi-state
irrigation projects in development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects and
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world’s highest masonry dam.The state has also started to focus on
the fields of information technology and biotechnology. Telangana is one of top IT-exporting states
of India. There are 68 Special Economic Zones in the state.Telangana is a mineral-rich state,
with coal reserves at Singareni Collieries Company.===Agriculture===Rice is the major food crop and staple food
of the state. Other important crops are maize, tobacco, mango, cotton and sugar cane. Agriculture
has been the chief source of income for the state’s economy. The Godavari and Krishna
rivers flow through the state, providing irrigation. Apart from major rivers, there are small rivers
like Tunga Bhadra, Bima, Dindi, Kinnerasani, Manjeera, Manair, Penganga, Pranahitha, peddavagu
and Taliperu. There are many multi-state irrigation projects in development, including Godavari
River Basin Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world’s highest masonry dam.Agri
Export Zones for the following produce have been proposed for the following locations:
Gherkins: Mahabubnagar, Rangareddy, Medak, Karimnagar, Warangal
Mangoes and grapes: Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Medak, Mahabubnagar===Industries===Several major manufacturing and services industries
are in operation mainly around Hyderabad. Automobiles and auto components, spices, mines
and minerals, textiles and apparels, pharmaceutical, horticulture, and poultry farming are the
main industries in Telangana.In terms of services, Hyderabad is nicknamed “Cyberabad” due to
the location of major software industries in the city. Prior to secession, it contributed
10% to India’s and 98% to Andhra Pradesh’s exports in the IT and ITES sectors in 2013
With Hyderabad in the front line of Telangana’s goal to promote information technology in
India, the city boasts the HITEC City as its premier hub.
The state government is in the process of developing industrial parks at different places,
for specific groups of industries. The existing parks are Software Park at Hyderabad, HITEC
City for software units, Apparel Park at Gundlapochampalli, Export Promotion Park at Pashamylaram, Biotechnology
park at Turkapally.Hyderabad is also a major site for healthcare-related industries including
hospitals and pharmaceutical organizations such as Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences,
Yashoda Hospitals, LV Prasad Eye Care, Akruti Institute of cosmetic and plastic surgery,
Fever Hospital, Durgabai Deshmukh, Continental Hospitals and Apollo Hospitals. Many pharmaceutical
and pharmaceutical-related companies like Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Shantha Biotechnics
and GVK BIO are based out of Hyderabad. In addition, Hyderabad-based healthcare non-profits
include the Indian Heart Association, a cardiovascular disease NGO.===Tourism===Telangana State Tourism Development Corporation
(TSTDC) is a state government agency which promotes tourism in Telangana. Telangana has
a variety of tourist attractions including historical places, monuments, forts, waterfalls,
forests and temples.===Awards===
Telangana state has won CNBC-TV18’s Promising State of the Year Award for the year of 2015.
The Jury for the India Business Leader Awards (IBLA) has collectively chosen Telangana for
the award.==Infrastructure=====Power===Hydel and thermal power projects in the state
meet the power requirements of the state. A number of new power projects are coming
up in the State which is expected to generate additional power capacity in the state.===Irrigation Projects=====Major Cities==
Hyderabad Warangal
Nizamabad Khammam
Karimnagar Ramagundam
Mahbubnagar Nalgonda
Adilabad Suryapet
Siddipet Miryalaguda
Jagtial==Major Towns====
Transport==The state is well connected with other states
by means of road, rail and airways. The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) is
the major public transport corporation that connects all the cities and villages. Mahatma
Gandhi Bus Station (M.G.B.S) in Hyderabad is one of the largest bus stand in Asia. Jubilee
Bus Station in Secunderabad serves inter city bus services.===Roadways===
The state has a total of 16 national highways and accounts for a total length of 2,690.23
km (1,671.63 mi).===Railways===The history of railways in this region dates
back to the time of Nizam of Hyderabad in 1874. The Nizam’s Guaranteed State Railway,
which had its beginnings in a line built privately by the HEH the Nizam. Much to the dismay of
the British authorities, The Nizam bore all the expenses for the construction of the line.It
operates under the auspices of the South Central Railway founded in 1966. The landmark building
Rail Nilayam in Secunderabad is the Zonal Headquarter office of South Central Railway.
Secunderabad and Hyderabad are the main divisions of South Central Railway that fall in the
state.===Airports===Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad
is an international airport serving the city of Hyderabad It is the largest airport in
the state and one of the busiest airports in the country. The government has plans to
upgrade Warangal Airport, Nizamabad Airport and Ramagundam Airport It also plans to construct
airports in Ramagundam and Kothagudem.Warangal has a domestic airport in Mamunooru which
was established in the year 1930 during Nizam period. All the exports and imports of Azam
Jahi Mills, Warangal were done through the Warangal Airport.==Culture==Telangana culture combines cultural customs
from Persian traditions, embedded during the rule of the region by the Mughals, Qutub Shahis
and Nizams, with prominent and predominantly south Indian traditions and customs. The State
has a rich tradition in classical music, painting and folk arts such as Burra Katha, shadow
puppet show, and Perini Shivatandavam, Gusadi Dance, Kolatam.===Monuments===
Charminar, Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Chowmahalla Palace, Falaknuma Palace, Birla
Mandir and Nagarjun sagar, Bhongir Fort, Warangal Fort, Khammam Fort are some of the monuments
in and around Hyderabad.===Religious destinations===
There are religious worship centers of different religions in the state.
Hindu worship destinations include Bhadrachalam Temple, Gnana Saraswati Temple, Yadagirigutta
Temple, Ramappa Temple, Vemulawada Raja Rajeswara temple, the Thousand Pillar Temple.
The Muslim worship destinations such as Makkah Masjid near Charminar, Khairtabad Mosque,
Koh-e-qaim, Mian Mishk Masjid, Toli Masjid and Spanish Mosque.
Christian worship centers include the Diocese of Dornakal of the Church of South India,
Bahe Church of South India, and Medak Cathedral. There are also some Buddhist destinations,
such as Nelakondapalli, Dhulikatta, Phanigiri and Kolanpaka.===Telugu cinema===Telugu cinema, also known by its sobriquet
as Tollywood, is a part of Indian cinema producing films in the Telugu language, and is centered
in the Hyderabad, Telangana neighbourhood of Film Nagar. In the early 1990s, the Telugu
film industry had largely shifted from Chennai to Hyderabad. The Telugu film industry is
the second-largest film industry in India next to Bollywood Film Industry and followed
by Tamil film industry Kollywood). In the years 2005, 2006 and 2008 the Telugu film
industry produced the largest number of films in India, exceeding the number of films produced
in Bollywood. The industry holds the Guinness World Record for the largest film production
facility in the world.===Waterfalls===
Kuntala Waterfall (45 metres (148 ft)) located in Kuntala, Adilabad district.
Bogatha Waterfall is waterfall located in Koyaveerapuram G, Wazeedu Mandal, Jayashankar
Bhupalpally district, Telangana. It is located 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Bhadrachalam,
140 kilometres (87 mi) away from Warangal and 329 kilometres (204 mi) from Hyderabad.
Savatula Gundam Waterfalls are one of the many waterfalls located in Adilabad district,
Telangana, India. They are located 30 km (19 mi) from Komaram Bheem and 350 km (220 mi)
from Hyderabad, the state capital. Gowri Gundaala waterfalls at Sabitham village
near Manthani in Peddapalli district.==Education==Telangana has multiple institutes of higher
education universities along with numerous primary and secondary schools. The state is
home to a number of institutes, which impart higher education. The Department of Higher
Education deals with matters relating to education at various levels in the state of Telangana.
The government has established Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies Basar
(RGUKT Basar) in 2008 to cater to the educational needs of the gifted rural youth of Telangana.
The higher education includes many colleges, universities and research institutes providing
professional education in the fields of arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine,
business, and veterinary sciences, with undergraduate and post-graduation. The Indian Institute
of Technology Hyderabad (IIT Hyderabad or IITH), a public engineering and research institution
is situated in Sangareddy district in Telangana.==Sports==The Hyderabad cricket team is represented
in the Ranji Trophy and has won twice. The SunRisers Hyderabad, an Indian Premier League
franchise, is based in Hyderabad and has won the trophy once. Deccan Chargers, a currently
defunct franchise from Hyderabad, also won the Indian Premier League once. The Rajiv
Gandhi International Cricket Stadium is the home ground of both Hyderabad cricket team
and Sunrisers Hyderabad. It hosts international as well as domestic matches. The Hyderabad
Hunters, a Premier Badminton League franchise; the Telugu Titans, a Pro Kabaddi League franchise;
the Hyderabad Sky, a UBA Pro Basketball League franchise and the Telugu Tigers, a Premier
Futsal franchise are also based in Hyderabad. Hyderabad Hunters are previous winners of
the Premier Badminton League title. Notable sports persons from the state are
Mohammad Azharuddin, V. V. S. Laxman, Mithali Raj, Pragyan Ojha, Saina Nehwal, P.V. Sindhu,
Jwala Gutta, Parupalli Kashyap, Gagan Narang, Mukesh Kumar and Pullela Gopichand (Andhra
Pradesh), as well as Sania Mirza who has been appointed as the “brand ambassador” of Telangana.
Other stadiums include G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium, Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium and Gachibowli
Indoor Stadium.==See also==
Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb Hyderabad State (1948–56)
Index of Telangana-related articles List of state highways in Telangana
List of Telangana people Telangana Language Day
Temples of Telangana

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *