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The Agricultural Revolution


The Agricultural Revolution was a period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th century. Early farming practices before the Agricultural Revolution focused mainly on working with primitive tools to complete farm chores. People accomplished ground tillage with horse-drawn simple plows. Most seed planting and crop harvesting was done by hand at this time. The lack of better tools and farming technology caused production to happen on a small scale, with most farms producing just enough to feed their families. But the Agricultural Revolution was going to bring about many changes and new inventions. This was one of the first major technological advancements coming from the Agricultural Revolution. This seed drill was created by Jethro Tull. He was an English gentleman that played a key role in bringing about the Agricultural Revolution. His seed drill was first patented in 1700. Eli Whitney was an American inventor that is most famous for creating the cotton gin in 1794. This was one of the key inventions of Agricultural Revolution. This machine quickly and easily separated cotton fibers from their seeds, enabling greater productivity over hand separation. Jethro wood was an American man who received the 19th patent issued on a plow in the United States. But this was the first patent on a cast-iron moldboard plow with replaceable parts. Its commercial success accelerated the development of American agriculture. The first steam tractor came about in 1858 and is credited to a man named Thomas Aveling. After these inventions, things continued to improve. Steam powered tractors moved to gasoline powered engines. Plows became larger with more movable parts and increased workability. Cotton gins became large, self-propelled machines that could harvest several plants at a time. Seed drills became larger, covering more ground and decreasing planting time. So the mysterious question is, “Is the Agricultural Revolution still continuing today?”. And the answer is yes. Productivity has increased so much that farm operations can now be hundreds of acres. Tools and technologies continue to improve so we now have machinery that looks like this. Because of the Agricultural Revolution our world continues to grow, improve, and be able to feed its people.

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