Articles, Blog

The John Deere 9660 CTS Returns! | 2019 California Rice Harvest


Uncle Jimmy and the boys are kicking off their
2019 California rice harvest with their Case IH 9120 harvest combine! Whoa, heads up! cricket incoming! [wings flapping] Eww! Check it out, our rice has dried down and
it’s ready to be cut! Our Claas Lexion 585R is there to oblige. Pops wants in on the action and fires up the
John Deere 9660 CTS. All our bank out wagons are running smooth. The trailers are filling up with our freshly
harvested rice. Hey, have you seen the truck driver? Today’s entertainment is brought to you
by Matthew’s 2019 Rice Crop, just harvested and freshly milled. Visit ricefarmingtv.com to purchase. Link in description. Yes, the 2019 California rice harvest is a
go! And it’s all coming up in this episode of
Rice Farming TV. And oh yeah, my buddy Tom Knowles comes out,
is attacked by a mosquito and gets some great drone shots for this intro: [music] In the previous episode of Rice Farming TV, after I showed you several tractor videos, from lettuce harvest in the Salinas Valley to tomato
harvest in the Sacramento Valley, I teased that our rice harvest was about to begin. And begun it has. Check out our Claas Lexion 585R with a 21’
Honey Bee Header cutting rice. Like most of you know we grow Calrose and
are now harvesting medium grain rice. This is here is referred to as paddy rice,
it’s still in the field. Once it’s been cut and delivered to the
driers it can still be referred to as paddy rice or rough rice because it still has the
hull intact, it hasn’t gone through any milling. The only processing that has been done, was
back in the field, removing the rice kernels from the plant. The hull on rough rice is a hard protective
shell, covering the rice kernel. When the hull is removed you basically have
brown rice. The bran, the next layer under the hull, is
still intact. The bran is where most of the vitamins, minerals
and oils are found. That’s why brown rice is more healthy. Remove the bran and you have white rice. So what you see here is, again, our 585R harvesting
Calrose medium grain rice and it will be the mills’ decision on how they’ll process
it and what end consumer product they’ll turn it into. Now, let’s just enjoy the sounds of harvest
for a bit. Today was an overcast day of cutting but fortunately
we did not have to stop progress on account of rainfall. We got in a full day of harvesting and were
rewarded with a beautiful sunset under the cloud cover. [music] The next day. Stop! Go! Hello. Today Pops fires of the John Deere 9660 CTS,
which we originally considered as a back-up, in case of breakdowns and emergencies. Well, we have a lot of ripe rice ahead of
us so being extra productive can’t hurt. With the Deere and the Claas 750 and 595R
machines we can easily cut 80 acres a day, in standing rice. We finish the field, park and unload the rice
so that we can preserve true yields between fields. We want the combines, bankouts and trailers
empty before starting a new field. A lot of people ask why we use self-propelled
grain carts, or bank-outs, rather than just a pull grain cart and tractor. Well, if the field is muddy the traditional
grain carts wouldn’t make it through. Yeah, a fully loaded grain cart would sink
like an anchor in the mud. The bank-out wagons will pull right through it. And why would the fields be muddy? Well, the field would be muddy from poorly
draining the irrigation water or from early fall rains. You’ll also notice that all our harvest
combines have tracks–just in case we find ourselves in a muddy situation. Fortunately our fields are nice and dry. The bankout unloads the last bit of rice from
the finished field and the trucks and trailers are off to the dryer to deliver the crop. We have so much ripe rice ahead of us we cut through the night. [music] Now, when I say ripe it has to do with a key
concept of grain moisture. The rice kernel forms from a milky like substance
during the reproductive phase of the plant. You’ve seen that in my draining videos when
I “milk the rice”. Let’s say that kernel is at 100% moisture–it’s
liquid. Well, as the plant dies and the kernel matures
it begins to harden. We want to harvest the rice at around 18 – 20%
moisture, meaning it’s pretty hard. Too hard, or too low of a moisture you run
the risk of the harvester cracking and shattering the kernels as it’s processed through. Too high of a moisture, about 24% and above,
the dryer will not accept it–because it takes too long for them to dry the load of rice
down to storage moisture, 14%, and that bottlenecks their operation. It would also be an additional cost, passed
down to us, the farmers. So that’s rice grain moisture in a rice
hull. And when I say the rice is ripe, it’s somewhere
around that 18-20%, and definitely under 24% moisture. Now that’s internal moisture of the grain,
right? Well, you can have outside moisture too. Like morning dew or rain fall, literal drops
of water on the rice plant that soaks the exterior of the kernel. This bit of outside moisture does not affect
the quality of the rice and doesn’t affect the cutting of the rice much either. It is a little more difficult for the combines
to process it through, but you could do it. But we don’t. We can’t. We can’t deliver damp rice to the drier. Their moisture probe will pick up the outside
moisture and it will give them a very high reading, much higher than their threshold
of acceptable rice. The rice may be ripe but it’s wet with water. And with wet rice, the same concept applies
that is with unripe rice. The dryer would have to dry down that water
and it would bottleneck their operation. Rice growers have a saying out here. Let the sun dry the rice down, it’s free. So I brought this up now since we were cutting
into the night. Usually we don’t do that much because the
dryer stops accepting deliveries around 6:30 PM. We can keep cutting and store the rice in
the field, in the trailers but the evening mist and morning dew will set in and that
will bump the moisture of the rice up a percentage point or two when keeping it overnight. But when you’re cutting at 19% in the evening
you can afford delivering at 20% in the morning, when the drier opens back up. And they cut deliveries at 6:30 PM so they
have enough time to dry down and transfer the days delivered rice to their storage warehouses. All us farmers around here can deliver the rice
at a much faster rate than they can dry it down and move it out to their storage warehouses. Yeah, our rice is ripe and standing, for the
most part, so we’re cutting away at a tremendous rate with our three machines. Thus far the 2019 rice harvest has been going
very smoothly. The rice looks good and the yields are up! But then we stop! We park the combines and take a few days off. I don’t mean to be dramatic. This happens every year. We cut so fast we run into unripe, high-moisture,
green rice. This happens, simply because we can harvest
faster in the fall than we can plant in the spring. So this field was planted later than the others
that we already harvested, the plant is younger and the rice is simply not ripe. You all remember my planting videos we do
so much tillage work with the soil, then a couple passes of fertilizer, we need to flood
the field with irrigation water and fly the seed on. In the spring this all takes a couple weeks
for a 150 acre field. Well, in the fall, we can cut a 150 acre field
in two days. Links to all those tillage and seeding videos
are in the description by the way. So it’s normal to stop. It’s normal to park for a couple of days
and allow the rice to ripen up–to allow the grain moisture to drop. Even though we’re not cutting, we still
do have a lot of field prep to do for the winter of those fields that have been harvested. So we have enough to do. I’ll get into all that in a future video. But for now we can get out of the cabs and
stretch out legs for the time being. We still have rice to cut but we’ll save
that for another day, another episode. Now is a good opportunity to spend with the
family. We’ve been cutting for a week and a half,
at the farm from 8:00 AM to 7:30 PM, sun up to sun down. So it’s time for a little rest. The rice is telling us to take a break. So thanks for watching this episode of Rice
Farming TV. I hope you enjoyed all the harvest action
and information. If you did, give me a thumbs up! And oh yeah, check out ricefarmingtv.com if
you’d like to try some of my freshly harvested, freshly milled rice. I kind of do it every year, a little tradition,
I suppose. Anyway, have a great day everybody. Thank you very much. And uh, in case you were wondering–Elena
did my nails. Bonding. [music]

30 Comments

  1. The Farming Life Author

    Can you use a track grain cart and a track tractor to pull it through. Just wondering. Thanks for the video hope you have an awesome weekend

    Reply
  2. Wran Ther Author

    Great to see those harvesters out in your fields Matthew! Hope you are getting some good numbers dropped off at the elevator. Happy family time :=) -Bob… PS: Over this way Matthew the line crews are wearing pink hard hats. After all this is October still!

    Reply
  3. Dean S Author

    Question. I notice that you are spreading the straw, is there a reason you don't have a chopper to break it down more?

    Hate to criticize an already great video and really like how you explain everything(only way I learn what is going on) but I personally need more combine action. I am looking forward to more.

    Reply
  4. Paul Reynolds Author

    Bonding, absolutely right! Memories. Question…do people bale up the rice straw for cattle out there? Looks like tons of nice green left in the plant yet.

    Reply
  5. Stan Hensley Author

    It’s the same for all grain farms. When crop is ready to harvest the farms go day and night to harvest the crop at it’s best quality. Thanks 🙏 to all farmers for hard work 😓 to feed us so well. Best of luck for a good ,safe harvest.

    Reply
  6. Waterman one Author

    Very nice video. Do you bail the straw and if so, does it go to mushrooms farms for growing mushrooms or for another purpose? Thanks for the great video's.

    Reply
  7. troy adams Author

    Hi Matt,
    Crop looks fantastic, what is it yielding per hectare?
    I'm now starting up here in Angola with development of a new rice farm, we're about two hours form the capital Luanda…
    Keep up the great video's… And regards to you and family..😎👍🌾

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *